Theming the user interface in SimpleSAMLphp

In SimpleSAMLphp every part that needs to interact with the user by using a web page, uses templates to present the HTML. SimpleSAMLphp comes with a default set of templates that presents a anonymous look.

You may create your own theme, where you add one or more template files that will override the default ones. This document explains how to achieve that.

How themes work

If you want to customize the UI, the right way to do that is to create a new theme . A theme is a set of templates that can be configured to override the default templates. Themes are a special type of SimpleSAMLphp module.

Configuring which theme to use

In config.php there is a configuration option that controls theming. You need to set that option and enable the module that contains the theme. Here is an example:

'module.enable' => [
    ...
    'fancymodule' => true,
],

'theme.use' => 'fancymodule:fancytheme',

The theme.use parameter points to which theme that will be used. If some functionality in SimpleSAMLphp needs to present UI in example with the logout.twig template, it will first look for logout.twig in the theme.use theme, and if not found it will all fallback to look for the base templates.

Override only specific templates

The SimpleSAMLphp templates are derived from a base template and include other templates as building blocks. You only need to override the templates or building blocks needed for your change. SimpleSAMLphp allows themes to override the included templates files only, if needed. That means you can create a new theme fancytheme that includes only a header and footer template. These templates may refer to your own CSS files, which means that a simple way of making a new look on SimpleSAMLphp is to create a new theme, and copy the existing header, but point to your own CSS instead of the default CSS. This means that for many theme requirements, you only need to specify a new header and footer template, and leave all other templates to SimpleSAMLphp's base versions.

Creating your first theme

The first thing you need to do is having a SimpleSAMLphp module to place your theme in. If you do not have a module already, create a new one:

cd modules
mkdir mymodule

Enable the module by setting $config['module.enable' => ['mymodule' => true]]

Then within this module, you can create a new theme named fancytheme .

cd modules/mymodule
mkdir -p themes/fancytheme/default/

Now, configure SimpleSAMLphp to use your new theme in config.php :

'theme.use' => 'mymodule:fancytheme',

Next, we copy the header file from the base theme:

cp templates/_header.twig modules/mymodule/themes/fancytheme/default/

In the modules/mymodule/themes/fancytheme/default/_header.twig file, type in something and go to the SimpleSAMLphp front page to see that your new theme is in use.

Adding resource files

You can put resource files within the www/assets folder of your module, to make your module completely independent with included css, icons etc.

modules └───mymodule └───lib └───themes └───www └───assets └───logo.svg └───style.css

Reference these resources in your custom templates under themes/fancytheme by using a generator for the URL. Example for a custom CSS stylesheet file:

{% block preload %}
<link rel="stylesheet" href="{{ asset('style.css', 'mymodule') }}">
{% endblock %}

A custom theme controller

If you have very specific requirements for your theme, you can define a custom theme controller in config.php :

'theme.controller' => '\SimpleSAML\Module\mymodule\FancyThemeController',

This requires you to implement \SimpleSAML\XHTML\TemplateControllerInterface.php in your module's lib -directory. The class can then modify the Twig Environment and the variables passed to the theme's templates. In short, this allows you to set additional global variables and to write your own Twig filters and functions.

See the Twig documentation for more information on using variables and expressions in Twig templates, and the SimpleSAMLphp wiki for our conventions .

Migrating to Twig templates

For existing themes that have been created before SimpleSAMLphp 2.0, you may need to upgrade them to the Twig templating enging to be compatible with SimpleSAMLphp 2.0.

Twig works by extending a base template, which can itself include other partial templates. Some of the content of the old includes/header.php template is now located in a separate _header.twig file. This can be customized by copying it from the base template:

cp templates/_header.twig modules/mymodule/themes/fancytheme/default/

If you need to make more extensive customizations to the base template, you should copy it from the base theme:

cp templates/base.twig modules/mymodule/themes/fancytheme/default/

Any references to $this->data['baseurlpath'] in old-style templates can be replaced with {{baseurlpath}} in Twig templates. Likewise, references to \SimpleSAML\Module::getModuleURL() can be replaced with {{baseurlpath}}module.php/mymodule/... or the asset() function like shown above. If you want to use the asset() function, you need to move the asserts from www/ to www/assets/ .

Within templates each module is defined as a separate namespace matching the module name. This allows one template to reference templates from other modules using Twig's @namespace_name/template_path notation. For instance, a template in mymodule can include the widget template from the yourmodule module using the notation @yourmodule/widget.twig . A special namespace, __parent__ , exists to allow theme developers to more easily extend a module's stock template.

The wiki also includes some information on migrating translations and migrating templates .