Key rollover with SimpleSAMLphp
This document gives a quick guide to doing key rollover with a SimpleSAMLphp service provider or identity provider.
A key rollover must perform several steps so that authentication does not break while remote SPs and IdPs learn about the new certificate. If you follow this procedure there should be no need for a synchronised switchover moment. It takes the following steps, which are detailed below:
- You generate a new keypair for your entity to use.
- You configure both old and new key in your SimpleSAMLphp config. Your entity publishes metadata with two certificates in it. Meanwhile it continues to sign with the old key.
- Relying parties (remote SPs or IdPs) refresh your metadata and will hence thereby trust the two listed certs (old and new). If they do not automatically refresh metadata their config needs to be updated manually to trust both the old and new certificate.
- Once all relying parties have updated metadata with both certificates, you remove old certificate from your SimpleSAMLphp configuration, effectively doing the actual key rollover. Your SimpleSAMLphp now signs with the new key. Everything remains working because all relying parties will trust old and new certificate.
- Your SimpleSAMLphp now publishes metadata with only the new cert. Relying parties will refresh metadata and drop the old certificate, not trusting it anymore (or remove the old certificate from their config manually). This last step is essential to ensure that the old certificate is actually distrusted.
Create the new key and certificate
First you must create the new key that you are going to use. To create a self signed certificate, you may use the following command:
cd cert openssl req -newkey rsa:3072 -new -x509 -days 3652 -nodes -out new.crt -keyout new.pem
Add the new key to SimpleSAMLphp
Where you add the new key depends on whether you are doing key rollover for a service provider or an identity provider.
If you are doing key rollover for a service provider, the new key must be added to
To do key rollover for an identity provider, you must add the new key to
If you are changing the keys for both an service provider and identity provider at the same time, you must update both locations.
The new certificate, private key and private key passphrase are added to the configuration with the prefix
When the new key is added, SimpleSAMLphp will attempt to use both the new key and the old key for decryption of messages, but only the old key will be used for signing messages. The metadata will be updated to list the new key for signing and encryption, and the old key will no longer listed as available for encryption. This ensures that both those entities that use your old metadata and those that use your new metadata will be able to send and receive messages from you.
'default-sp' => [ 'saml:SP', 'privatekey' => 'old.pem', 'certificate' => 'old.crt', // When private key is passphrase protected. 'privatekey_pass' => '<old-secret>', 'new_privatekey' => 'new.pem', 'new_certificate' => 'new.crt', // When new private key is passphrase protected. 'new_privatekey_pass' => '<new-secret>', ],
$metadata['urn:x-simplesamlphp:idp'] = [ 'host' => '__DEFAULT__', 'auth' => 'example-userpass', 'privatekey' => 'old.pem', 'certificate' => 'old.crt', // When private key is passphrase protected. 'privatekey_pass' => '<old-secret>', 'new_privatekey' => 'new.pem', 'new_certificate' => 'new.crt', // When new private key is passphrase protected. 'new_privatekey_pass' => '<new-secret>', ];
Distribute your new metadata
Now, you need to make sure that all your peers are using your new metadata. How you go about this depends on how your peers have added your metadata. If your peers are configured to automatically fetch the metadata directly from you, all you need to do is to wait for all of them to fetch the new metadata. If you are part of an federation, you would probably either send it to the federation operators or use a federation tool to ask for the metadata to be updated.
Once the peers are using your new metadata, they will accept messages from you signed with either your old or your new key. If they send encrypted messages to you, they will use your new key for encryption.
Remove the old key
Once you are certain that all your peers are using the new metadata, you must remove the old key.
Replace the existing
values op in your configuration with values from the
, and remove the latter options..
This will cause your old key to be removed from your metadata.
'default-sp' => [ 'saml:SP', 'certificate' => 'new.crt', 'privatekey' => 'new.pem', // When private key is passphrase protected. 'privatekey_pass' => '<new-secret>', ], In `metadata/saml20-idp-hosted.php`: ```php $metadata['urn:x-simplesamlphp:idp'] = [ 'host' => '__DEFAULT__', 'auth' => 'example-userpass', 'certificate' => 'new.crt', 'privatekey' => 'new.pem', // When private key is passphrase protected. 'privatekey_pass' => '<new-secret>', ];
Distribute your final metadata
Now you need to update the metadata of all your peers again, so that your old signing certificate is removed. This will cause those entities to no longer accept messages signed using your old key.